Mitochondria are organelles within eukaryotic cells that produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the main energy molecule used by the cell.
For this reason, the mitochondrion is sometimes referred to as “the powerhouse of the cell”. Mitochondria are found in all eukaryotes, which are all living things that are not bacteria or archaea. It is thought that mitochondria arose from once free-living bacteria that were incorporated into cells.
Every living thing is made of cells: tiny compartments contained by a membrane. Cells are the smallest things that can reproduce themselves. When we look inside cells, we see that they have sub-compartments that are smaller still, known as “Organelles” which perform different functions that are essential for the cell to live.
Mitochondria are organelles found in the cells of every complex organism. They produce about 90% of the chemical energy that cells need to survive. No energy; no life! So, it’s easy to see why when mitochondria go wrong, serious diseases are the result, and why it is important we understand how mitochondria work.
However, mitochondria do much more than just produce energy. They also produce chemicals that your body needs for other purposes, break down waste products so they’re less harmful, and recycle some of those waste products to save energy. Mitochondria also have a special role in making cells die (apoptosis). This may sound strange, but it is vital for the processes of growth and development. Sometimes cells don’t die when they should, and start to grow uncontrollably. This is how a tumor starts to grow, so you shouldn’t be surprised that mitochondria play an important part in cancer and are seen as targets for anti-cancer drugs.
To produce all of that energy, mitochondria require oxygen. Mitochondria effectively burn your food in a carefully controlled way to produce that chemical energy by a process called “oxidative phosphorylation”. And just as a fire goes out without oxygen, if mitochondria lack oxygen, they also stop working = No energy; − No life!
During a heart attack or a stroke, the blood stops delivering oxygen to the heart and brain. These two organs do a lot of work and need a lot of energy. Without oxygen, the mitochondria stop working, and the cells in the brain or heart are damaged or even die. Perversely, if the oxygen does return, then the mitochondria get overwhelmed and produce a lot of “free radicals”. These are very reactive chemicals which cause a lot of additional damage – called “Reperfusion injury”.
Mitochondria have their own DNA
One reason we know that mitochondria came from bacteria is that they still contain a tiny amount of DNA that is similar to bacterial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA is about 16,000 bases long and has 37 genes (in humans). The DNA in the nucleus – sequenced during the human genome project – is 3,000,000,000 bases long and has about 25,000 genes. So only about 0.1% of your genes are in your mitochondria, but the mitochondrion needs more than the 37 genes on the mitochondrial genome to work. We think about another 1,500 genes are needed, and they are on the nuclear genome.
The name of the organelles was coined to reflect the way they looked to the first scientists to observe them, stemming from the Greek words for “thread” and “granule.” For many years after their discovery, mitochondria were commonly believed to transmit hereditary information. It was not until the mid-1950s when a method for isolating the organelles intact was developed that the modern understanding of mitochondrial function was worked out.
The elaborate structure of a mitochondrion is very important to the functioning of the organelle (see Figure 1). Two specialized membranes encircle each mitochondrion present in a cell, dividing the organelle into a narrow intermembrane space and a much larger internal matrix, each of which contains highly specialized proteins. The outer membrane of a mitochondrion contains many channels formed by the protein porin and acts like a sieve, filtering out molecules that are too big. Similarly, the inner membrane, which is highly convoluted so that a large number of infoldings called cristae are formed, also allows only certain molecules to pass through it and is much more selective than the outer membrane. To make certain that only those materials essential to the matrix are allowed into it, the inner membrane utilizes a group of transport proteins that will only transport the correct molecules. Together, the various compartments of a mitochondrion are able to work in harmony to generate ATP in a complex multi-step process.
Here’s another strange fact about mitochondria – you only get them from your mother. This is because when sperm fertilize an egg, they only pass on the DNA from their nucleus, not their mitochondria. The embryo has all its mitochondria from the mother’s egg. This means that mitochondrial diseases due to mutations on the mitochondrial DNA are only passed on by the mother – they can affect both her sons and daughters – but it will be only her affected daughters who may pass the disease on to their children. However, if the mutations are on the nuclear DNA, then they can be inherited from both the mother and the father.
- Mito-Cell Restoration– The Mito-Cell patch is programmed with the frequencies of; CoQ10 (ubiquinol-reduced form of CoQ10), CoQ10 (ubiquinone), R-Lipoic Acid, Acyl-L-Carnitine, L-Carnitine, Glutathione, NAC (n-acetyl cysteine), Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Folate in 5-methyl-tetrahydrofolate form, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B5, L-methionine, L-Citrulline, L-ornithine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs), Magnesium forms, Magnesium citrate, Magnesium Malate, Magnesium glycinate, Magnesium Threonate, Green tea, Tart cherries, Pomegranate, Blueberry polyphenols, Resveratrol, Polyphenols, Sulforaphane, Oxaloacetic acid, NAD+, PQQ (pyrroloquinoline quinone) and Rhodiola.
Recommendation: Use this patch when energy is noticeably deficient. Mitochondrial dysfluency is a key factor in a myriad of diseases, including neurodegenerative and metabolic disorders. Mitochondria are responsible for converting energy from the food you ingest into usable “currency.” The Mito-Cell Restoration patch helps restore cellular wellbeing.
|Our technology is made as a complementary therapy and should be monitored by a doctor or a certified healthcare provider. We are not in competition with standard medical practice or a medical procedure that uses immune vaccines. We make products that work on a different part on the body that triggers immune responses through electrical pathways to prevent disorders to the human cell.|